The Forgotten Mass Destruction of Jewish Homes during "Kristallnacht"
|Date||Mon, Nov 9, 7:00pm - 8:00pm|
The November pogrom is known by Holocaust scholars as one of the most analyzed events in Nazi Germany. Descriptions of Kristallnacht usually emphasize the attacks on synagogues and Jewish shops, sometimes schools and other Jewish institutions, yet rarely the destruction of private homes. Based on contemporary administrative reports and letters as well as postwar survivor testimonies, Wolf Gruner's research suggests that during that night, Goebbels presumably ordered systematic and nationwide violent attacks aimed at Jewish homes. The resulting mass destruction of Jewish homes and apartments has never been studied, neither in its scale and intensity nor its brutality and impact. For some cities, between 75 and 90 per cent of the Jewish homes had been reported as vandalized. After the attacks, thousands of homes were left inhabitable, their windows broken and china, furniture, lamps and paintings smashed to pieces. Humiliations, beatings, murder and sexual violence accompanied the systematic destruction. More than burned synagogues or vandalized shops, indeed the systematic devastation of the last refuge of the German Jews: their homes, might explain, why so many German and Austrian Jews decided to flee or to commit suicide.
Presented with the JCRC of Minnesota and the Dakotas, and the Upper Midwest Holocaust and Genocide Education Consortium
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