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Texas Holocaust and Genocide Commission

Overviews of the Holocaust and Genocides

In 1948, during the immediate aftermath of the Holocaust, the newly created United Nations resolved to punish and prevent genocide. To do so, it needed to develop a legal definition.

That definition is useful as a means of acknowledging patterns that are evident whenever the crime of genocide happens. At the same time, close examination of historical events demonstrates that no two genocides, or even two victims of the same genocide, are completely alike. Any study of the subject should recognize both commonalities and differences between the histories.

Click on the link in any of the cards below for a brief overview.

The Holocaust

The Jews have existed as a distinct people for thousands of years and are comprised of various ethnicities and races. Despite this diversity, they share such cultural elements as a history and a religion.

Read the full overview on the Holocaust

Genocide in Cambodia

In merely a few years during the 1970s, perpetrators of the Cambodian Genocide murdered up to 3 million of their fellow countrymen and caused unimaginable suffering to a great number of others. Members of the Khmer Rouge, the radical political regime behind the terror...

Read the full overview on the genocide in Cambodia

Genocide in Rwanda and Burundi

Rwanda is a small country in central east Africa. Over the course of the short period from April through July of 1994, beneath the cover of an ongoing civil war, extremist members of Rwanda’s Hutu ethnic majority targeted the nation’s Tutsi minority for rape, torture, and murder.

Read the full overview on the genocide in Rwanda and Burundi

Genocide in Bosnia

Today’s independent nation of Bosnia and Herzegovina is a recent creation, one chiefly comprised of three different religious groups: the Bosniaks, who are predominantly Muslim; the Serbs, who are Christian Orthodox; and the Croats, who are Roman Catholic.

Read the full overview on the genocide in Bosnia